Sabah, Best of Borneo

Situated on the beautiful island of Borneo, Sabah is one of the thirteen states which Malaysia is made of. Sabah is the second largest state in Malaysia and shares the island of Borneo with Sarawak, Brunei, and Indonesian Kalimantan.

Sabah is richly blessed with nature diversity, unique cultures, fun adventure, beautiful beaches, and fantastic cuisines for the adventurous taste buds. We have it all, from the world’s largest flower - the Rafflesia, one of the highest mountains in South East Asia - Mount Kinabalu, to one of the world’s top dive sites - Sipadan Island. Sabah is also known for her great natural treasures which include the world-renowned Danum Valley Conservation Area and Tabin which is Sabah’s largest wildlife reserve.

Not only will you be amazed by the places to see and things to do here, you will also be treated with unique Sabahan hospitality. Explore the unique culture and tradition of Sabah and get ready to experience sweet memories to last a lifetime!

Borneo Island

Borneo is the third largest island in the world and is located at the centre of the Maritime Southeast Asia. This island is divided between Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei.

Nevertheless, for people outside of Indonesia, “Kalimantan” refers to the area which is occupied by Indonesia on the island of Borneo. Malaysia’s region of Borneo is called East Malaysia or Malaysian Borneo. The independent nation of Brunei occupies the remainder of the island, being the wealthiest of the rest.

Once known as North Borneo, Sabah was under the British colony during the late 19th century till the early 20th century. Sabah gained self-government on the 31st of August, 1963. Sabah, together with Malaya, Singapore and Sarawak formed the Federation of Malaysia on the 16th of September 1963. At 76, 115 square kilometers large, Sabah is the second biggest state in Malaysia after Sarawak.

People and Culture

The people of Sabah are known as Sabahans. Sabah is the third most populous state in Malaysia after Selangor and Johor; it also has one of the highest population growth rates in the country.

There are currently 32 officially recognized ethnic groups in Sabah with the largest non-indigenous ethnic group being the Chinese and the largest indigenous group being the Kadazan-Dusun people. Two other larger ethnic groups in Sabah are the Bajau and Murut, compared to other states in the country; Sabah has relatively very small population of Indians and South Asians.

Apart from the Sabahans’ very own diverse mother tongues, Bahasa Malaysia (national language) and English is widely spoken; Mandarin and some Chinese dialects are also widely spoken.

In Sabah, we greet people by saying “selamat datang” (welcome) and/or “terima kasih” (thank you) with a smile. Due to religious reasons, some may prefer not to have physical contact with others. However, a handshake is generally acceptable as a way of introducing oneself.

It’s customary to remove shoes before entering a mosque as well as homes. In places of worship, visitors are required to dress modestly. Nude sunbathing is not allowed and is very frowned upon. Avoid pointing your index finger at others, as this is considered rude in the local custom.

Visit Malaysia 2014

Peta pelancongan tempat-tempat menarik di Sabah

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Visit Malaysia 2014

IKAN BILIS DAN GAMAT

>> Jumaat, 2 Oktober 2009

Selain dari Ikan bilis yang terkenal di daerah Pitas, Balat putih ( GAMAT) juga banyak terdapat di sini. Segelintir penduduk yang mengusahakan ternakan balat putih ( GAMAT) ini khususnya di kampung Kesagaan, pinggan-pinggan, sinimpul dan juga kampung Rosob sangat-sangat membarangsangkan, kepada yang ingin melawat Pitas bolehlah dapatkan ikan bilis dan balat putih ( GAMAT) ini untuk dibawah pulang.

Gamat atau Timun laut merupakan sejenis haiwan invertebrata (tanpa tulang belakang) laut yang meraih populariti dewasa ini di sebabkan khasiat dan nilai terapeutiknya yang mengkagumkan. Malah, kuasa penyembuhannya telah di agungkan dan di manfaatkan oleh nenek moyang kita sejak lebih 300 tahun dahulu.

Tergolong didalam filum Ekinodermata, spesis Timun Laut yang didapati berkesan dari segi nilai keberkesanannya adalah daripada genus Sticophus atau lebih dikenali Gamat. Nama lainnya mengikut panggilan setempat termasuklah 'balat' 'bat' 'brunok' 'trepang atau 'hoi-sum'.

Hampir 42 spesis Timun Laut telah dikenalpasti di perairan Malaysia sementara lebih dari 2,000 spesis wujud di serata dunia.Umumnya haiwan ini berbentuk silinder, leper pada bahagian dorso-ventral dan mempunyai bukaan di bahagian anterior dan posterior.

Kandungan asid lemak mustahak seperti EPA (asid omega eikosapentaenoik) dan DHA (asid omega dekosaheksaenoik) turut memainkan peranan penting sebagai agen penyembuh luka dan antithrombotik iaitu berupaya mengurang kan kejadian pembekuan darah di dalam saluran darah. Ini dapat mengurangkan risiko penyakit 'Strok' dan 'Jantung'.

Secara tradisional pula, GAMAT dipercayai berkesan

  • untuk meningakatan kesihatan badan,
  • mempercepatkan penyembuhan luka luaran dan dalaman,
  • mengurangkan rasa sakit sendi, badan dan lenguh otot,
  • menghindari masaalah alahan dan lelah,
  • melawan radang dan meredakan bengkak,
  • melancarkan pengaliran darah,
  • memulihkan sistem peranakan selepas bersalin,
  • masaalah resdung, buasir dalam dan luar,
  • mencantikkan kulit dan awet muda,
  • meningkatkan metabolisma dan membantu masaalah keletihan,
  • menghindari sembelit dan masaalah buasir, menguatkan tenaga batin,
  • melegakan migrain
  • mengurangkan tekanan darah tinggi dan mengawal kencing manis, kolestrol serta lain-lain lagi.


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