Sabah, Best of Borneo

Situated on the beautiful island of Borneo, Sabah is one of the thirteen states which Malaysia is made of. Sabah is the second largest state in Malaysia and shares the island of Borneo with Sarawak, Brunei, and Indonesian Kalimantan.

Sabah is richly blessed with nature diversity, unique cultures, fun adventure, beautiful beaches, and fantastic cuisines for the adventurous taste buds. We have it all, from the world’s largest flower - the Rafflesia, one of the highest mountains in South East Asia - Mount Kinabalu, to one of the world’s top dive sites - Sipadan Island. Sabah is also known for her great natural treasures which include the world-renowned Danum Valley Conservation Area and Tabin which is Sabah’s largest wildlife reserve.

Not only will you be amazed by the places to see and things to do here, you will also be treated with unique Sabahan hospitality. Explore the unique culture and tradition of Sabah and get ready to experience sweet memories to last a lifetime!

Borneo Island

Borneo is the third largest island in the world and is located at the centre of the Maritime Southeast Asia. This island is divided between Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei.

Nevertheless, for people outside of Indonesia, “Kalimantan” refers to the area which is occupied by Indonesia on the island of Borneo. Malaysia’s region of Borneo is called East Malaysia or Malaysian Borneo. The independent nation of Brunei occupies the remainder of the island, being the wealthiest of the rest.

Once known as North Borneo, Sabah was under the British colony during the late 19th century till the early 20th century. Sabah gained self-government on the 31st of August, 1963. Sabah, together with Malaya, Singapore and Sarawak formed the Federation of Malaysia on the 16th of September 1963. At 76, 115 square kilometers large, Sabah is the second biggest state in Malaysia after Sarawak.

People and Culture

The people of Sabah are known as Sabahans. Sabah is the third most populous state in Malaysia after Selangor and Johor; it also has one of the highest population growth rates in the country.

There are currently 32 officially recognized ethnic groups in Sabah with the largest non-indigenous ethnic group being the Chinese and the largest indigenous group being the Kadazan-Dusun people. Two other larger ethnic groups in Sabah are the Bajau and Murut, compared to other states in the country; Sabah has relatively very small population of Indians and South Asians.

Apart from the Sabahans’ very own diverse mother tongues, Bahasa Malaysia (national language) and English is widely spoken; Mandarin and some Chinese dialects are also widely spoken.

In Sabah, we greet people by saying “selamat datang” (welcome) and/or “terima kasih” (thank you) with a smile. Due to religious reasons, some may prefer not to have physical contact with others. However, a handshake is generally acceptable as a way of introducing oneself.

It’s customary to remove shoes before entering a mosque as well as homes. In places of worship, visitors are required to dress modestly. Nude sunbathing is not allowed and is very frowned upon. Avoid pointing your index finger at others, as this is considered rude in the local custom.

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Peta pelancongan tempat-tempat menarik di Sabah

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PUSAT PEMULIHARAAN ORANG UTAN SEPILOK

>> Khamis, 8 September 2011


Pusat Pemuliharaan Orang-Utan Sepilok yang terletak 25 kilometer dari Bandar Sandakan, mempunyai keluasan 43 kilometer persegi. Pusat Pemuliharan Orang Utan Sepilok merupakan sebuah hutan asli yang terpelihara. Orang ramai dapat melihat Orang-Utan (Wild Red Apes) di tempat asal semulajadi mereka iaitu di hutan hujan tropika ini. Tujuan utama Pusat Pemuliharaan Orang-Utan ini adalah untuk mendidik anak-anak orang-utan yang terpisah dari ibunya untuk berdikari di dalam hutan.

Pada tahun 1957, pembalakan telah diharamkan dan pasukan simpanan telah dilantik untuk membuat penyelidikan. Dalam tahun 1963 semasa Sabah merdeka dalam Malaysia, Jabatan Perhutanan telah menbentuk satu Cawangan Penjaga Binatang Perburuan (Game Branch). Pada masa itu, dipercayai bahawa orang-utan ialah binatang yang susah didapati dan makin berkurangan. Musim itu juga anak-anak orang-utan sangat terkenal sebagai binatang perliharaan di kalangan rakyat Sabah dan di tempat lain. Anak-anak orang-utan biasanya di tangkap semasa pembalakan dan pembersihan hutan. Dengan adanya Cawangan Penjaga Bintang Perburuan ini, satu undang-undang baru telah dikeluarkan iaitu ‘Dilarang menangkap dan memelihara orang-utan’. Oleh itu Sepilok telah dipilih sebagai sebuah pusat pemuliharaan orang utan. Pelawat-pelawat boleh ke pelantar untuk melihat orang-orang utan datang dari dalam hutan untuk mendapatkan makanan dua kali sehari mereka iaitu susu dan pisang. Masa-masa memberi makan setiap hari ialah pada pukul 10:00 pagi dan 3:00 petang.

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